Download Biowarrior: Inside the Soviet/Russian Biological War by Igor V. Domaradskij PDF

By Igor V. Domaradskij

This outstanding memoir by means of a number one Russian scientist who labored for many years on the nerve middle of the top-secret "Biopreparat" deals a chilling inspect the organic guns application of the previous Soviet Union, vestiges of which nonetheless exist this day within the Russian Federal Republic. Igor Domaradskij calls himself an "inconvenient man": a devoted scientist yet a nonconformist who used to be frequently in clash with govt and army apparatchiks. during this e-book he unearths the lethal nature of the learn he participated in for nearly fifteen years.

Domaradskij is going into nice aspect in regards to the secrecy, intrigue, and the bureaucratic maze that enveloped the Biopreparat scientists, making them think like helpless pawns. What stands proud in his account is the hasty, patchwork nature of the Soviet attempt in bioweaponry. faraway from being a smooth-running, terrifying monolith, this used to be an company cobbled jointly out of the conflicts and contretemps of squabbling social gathering bureaucrats, army know-nothings, and stressed, bold scientists. In many ways the inefficiency and shortage of responsibility during this method make all of it the extra scary as a global possibility. For at the present time its dimensions are nonetheless now not totally identified, neither is it convinced that anyone team is totally accountable for the proliferation of this deadly weaponry.

Biowarrior is nerve-racking yet precious examining for an individual wishing to appreciate the character and dimensions of the organic probability in an period of foreign terrorism.

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Download Paul Lauterbur and the Invention of MRI (MIT Press) by M. Joan Dawson PDF

By M. Joan Dawson

On September 2, 1971, the chemist Paul Lauterbur had an concept that might switch the perform of scientific learn. contemplating contemporary study findings in regards to the use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) indications to realize tumors in tissue samples, Lauterbur discovered that the data from NMR signs should be recovered within the kind of pictures -- and therefore acquired noninvasively from a dwelling topic. It was once an unforeseen epiphany: he was once consuming a hamburger on the time. Lauterbur rushed out to shop for a computing device during which to see his notion; he accomplished his notes a couple of days later. He had found the fundamental approach utilized in all MRI scanners all over the world, and for this discovery he could proportion the Nobel Prize for body structure or medication in 2003. This publication, through Lauterbur's spouse and medical associate, M. Joan Dawson, is the tale of Paul Lauterbur's discovery and the following improvement of an important clinical diagnostic device because the X-ray.With MRI, Lauterbur had found a wholly new precept of imaging. Dawson explains the technology at the back of the invention and describes Lauterbur's improvement of the assumption, his steadfastness within the face of frequent skepticism and feedback, and comparable paintings through different scientists together with Peter Mansfield (Lauterbur's Nobel co-recipient), and Raymond Damadian (who famously feuded with Lauterbur over credits for the guidelines at the back of MRI). She bargains not just the tale of 1 man's ardour for his paintings but additionally a case research of the way technological know-how is basically performed: a flash of perception through years of painstaking work.

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Download John Frank Stevens: Civil Engineer (Railroads Past and by Clifford Foust PDF

By Clifford Foust

One of America's leading civil engineers of the earlier a hundred and fifty years, John Frank Stevens used to be a railway reconnaissance and site engineer whose attractiveness was once made at the Canadian Pacific and nice Northern strains. Self-taught and pushed via a bulldog tenacity of goal, he used to be employed by means of Theodore Roosevelt as leader engineer of the Panama Canal, making a technical success a ways sooner than its time. Stevens additionally served for greater than 5 years because the head of the USA Advisory fee of Railway specialists to Russia and as a specialist who contributed to many engineering feats, together with the keep watch over of the Mississippi River after the disastrous floods of 1927 and building of the Boulder (Hoover) Dam. Drawing on Stevens’s surviving own papers and fabrics from initiatives with which he was once linked, Clifford Foust deals an illuminating look at the lifetime of an comprehensive civil engineer.

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Download China's Transition to Modernity: The New Classical Vision of by Minghui Hu PDF

By Minghui Hu

The determine of Dai Zhen (1724�1777) looms huge in sleek chinese language highbrow historical past. Dai used to be a mathematical astronomer and influential polymath who, in addition to like-minded students, sought to stability understandings of technological know-how, expertise, and historical past in the framework of classical chinese language writings. Exploring principles in fields as broad-ranging as astronomy, geography, governance, phonology, and etymology, Dai grappled with Western principles and philosophies, together with Jesuit conceptions of cosmology, which have been so vital to the Qing dynasty (1644�1911) court�s want for calendrical precision.

Minghui Hu tells the tale of China�s transition into modernity from the viewpoint of 18th-century chinese language students devoted to interpreting the current and prior with the instruments of evidential research. utilizing Dai because the centering element, Hu indicates how the tongru (�broadly discovered scholars�) of this period navigated Confucian, Jesuit, and different worldviews in the course of a dynamic interval, connecting historic theories to new wisdom within the process.

Scholars and scholars of early glossy chinese language background, and people analyzing technology, spiritual, and highbrow heritage extra extensively, will locate China�s Transition to Modernity inspiring and useful for his or her examine and teaching.

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Download From My Life: The Memoirs of Richard Willstätter by Richard Willstätter,Arthur Stoll,Lilli S. Hornig PDF

By Richard Willstätter,Arthur Stoll,Lilli S. Hornig

In those memoirs, written after the author's dramatic emigration to Switzerland in 1939, Richard Willstätter (1872-1942) recounts his formative years in a Jewish relatives in Karlsruhe, his constructing curiosity in chemistry, and his stories less than Adolf von Baeyer, his mentor on the collage of Munich. Willstätter writes basically in short in regards to the tragic early deaths of his loved spouse and of his younger son, yet describes intimately his paintings as a number one natural chemist tackling tricky difficulties in plant pigments, chlorophyll, enzymes and extra (in Zurich, Berlin and Munich the place he succeeded his mentor) and his education of dozens of younger chemists. In 1924, he resigned from the collage of Munich in face of accelerating antisemitism. The booklet bargains candid images of significant fellow chemists, together with Willstätter’s shut good friend Fritz Haber, additionally a Nobel prize laureate, and describes existence in German study universities earlier than the Nazis' persecution of Jewish students decimated them.

“The ebook is going a long way past a chronicle of occasions in Willstätter’s lifestyles; it's a beneficial contribution to the background of chemistry...” — Nature

“[Willstätter’s] tale is a mirrored image of the honor and the tragedy that's sleek German history... those memoirs, that are actually an inside of tale of German chemical scholarship, are packed with pleasant own memories and fascinating anecdotes concerning the nice chemists Willstätter was once linked to through the process his awesome career.” — David H. Kenny, magazine of Chemical Education

“This autobiography is without doubt one of the notable books published in Germany in recent times and it [provides] an perception into the considering and dealing equipment of a good scientist...” — The Chemist

“Great scientists are infrequent, yet nice writers between them are virtually specific. Willstätter’s autobiography, released posthumously and edited through his former pupil, Arthur Stoll, is a very relocating book... this glorious book... may, with revenue, be made adjunct examining in a sophisticated natural chemistry course.” — list of Chemical Progress

“[Willstätter’s] wisdom of chemistry and chemical difficulties used to be encyclopedic, and as limitless because the kindness he confirmed me... At a gathering of the [Munich] college senate your time in 1928 a dialogue had arisen concerning the appointment of a mineralogist. A candidate used to be proposed, a entrance rank mineralogist through the identify of Goldschmidt. once the identify used to be pointed out a murmur arose within the assembly and an individual remarked: ‘Wieder ein Jude!’ (another Jew). with no asserting a observe Willstätter rose, gathered his papers and left the room. He by no means crossed the brink of the college again... even supposing his acceptance was once giant, and he used to be a Nobel prize winner, he used to be modest, unassuming and retiring in personality; he frequently jogged my memory of the old-time venerable form of nice Jewish Rabbi. for a very long time Willstätter refused to appreciate what used to be happening in Germany... to my repeated and insistent pleas that he go away Germany and are available to us in Palestine, he became a deaf ear. He got here to the hole of the [Daniel Sieff examine, later Weizmann] Institute [in Rehovot] and back to Germany (in 1934!). He nonetheless felt that he was once secure by means of his popularity and via the devotion of the Munich public... His final note at the topic was once: ‘I comprehend that Germany has long past mad, but when a mom falls in poor health it's not a reason behind her youngsters to go away her. My house is Germany, my college, despite what has occurred, is in Munich. i have to return.’” — Chaim Weizmann, Trial and Error

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Download When There Is No Wind, Row: One Woman's Retrospective on the by Paula Singer,Steve Hrehovcik PDF

By Paula Singer,Steve Hrehovcik

while there is not any Wind, Row tells the tale concerning the amazing profession course the writer traveled on her technique to attaining her dream of turning into a legal professional. On that trip, social and cultural norms of the day compelled her to make many detours – “tacking” in crusing phrases - to different careers ahead of carrying on with on her direction to develop into a attorney. in the course of the 50-year span of her careers, the writer grew to become an energetic player within the laptop revolution, the women’s rights move and the globalization of the economic climate.
Social and cultural boundaries have been excessive whilst the writer started her trip the Nineteen Sixties. ladies have been purported to turn into other halves and moms now not legal professionals. She confronted monetary boundaries to boot. the writer tells approximately transforming into up bad within the Fifties in Kennebunk, ME. by the point she graduated from highschool, she had lived in 12 diverse areas on the town. She graduated first in her classification, yet scholarship awards and a scholar mortgage with rate reductions from her summer season jobs didn’t disguise her first-year collage expenses. She left for school now not figuring out how she might make it via financially after receiving a pep speak from her background instructor approximately understanding her funds a semester at a time. She tells tales approximately how she did that whereas married and aiding her widowed mom by way of her junior year.

With legislation tuition thwarted by way of the inability of economic relief for girls for pro colleges and with out monetary reduction presented to her for graduate college, the writer all started her trip with a task seek in Boston in 1966. The author’s tales are a shiny reminder of ways some distance girls have advanced considering then while wish advertisements have been segregated by way of “Male/Female,” all of the jobs with sturdy profession possibilities have been lower than “Male” and corporations refused to interview ladies for these jobs. the writer describes how she bought interviews for solid jobs via an employment agent who did not reveal she used to be lady. She arrived for her first interview, for govt assistant to the founder and president of an incredible corporation, in basic terms to learn, he “refuses to interview a woman.” She had the second one scheduled interview at an assurance corporation after a seven- hour wait. She eventually landed a role as desktop programmer even supposing she didn’t comprehend what a working laptop or computer was once. Her qualification for the activity – she may well play bridge! the writer describes studying the way to application the UNIVAC III, an early enterprise laptop, without machine technological know-how classes and the single debugging device her deductive reasoning.
Using tales and conversations, the writer takes us via her stream again to Maine, beginning of a daughter, and continuation of her machine profession, overcoming obstacles to develop into her employer’s first girl platforms analyst. Divorced and assisting her daughter and mom, she left for legislation university while scholar relief for girls turned to be had after passage of name IX of the Civil Rights Act in 1972. She married back whereas in legislations institution and gave start to a different daughter after a movement again to the Boston quarter. The author’s describes what it used to be like for a attorney along with her strange “credentials” – lady, mid-30s, married, a mom, a public university schooling and a previous profession - attempting to holiday into the criminal career in Boston. With limitations too excessive to beat, she tacked to a different activity with the consulting company, Arthur D. Little, Inc. assisting the company’s foreign body of workers and initiatives on the outset of financial globalization. At age forty, she ultimately started practising legislation, increase a world tax perform good prior to fax, electronic mail and the web. yet her tales don’t finish there. At age 50, she parlayed her tax, immigration and computing device adventure to discovered and function a winning tax software program corporation along with her husband.
The writer comprises her memories of old occasions from President Kennedy’s assassination in 1963 to the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013, and, on a extra optimistic word, the 1st U.S. functionality by means of the Beatles. additionally integrated are profiles of many pioneering girls.

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Download Between Genius And Genocide: The Tragedy of Fritz Haber, by Daniel Charles PDF

By Daniel Charles

In January 1934, as Hitler's shadow started to fall throughout Europe, a quick, bald guy sporting a German passport arrived on the lodge Euler in Basle. He appeared haunted and stressed, as if he urgently had to be in different places.

Fritz Haber, Nobel laureate in chemistry, confidante of Albert Einstein and German struggle hero, had arrived in Basle a damaged guy and, 3 days later, he died leaving an doubtful legacy. For a few, the nice German chemist was once a benefactor of humanity, winner of a Nobel prize for inventing the way to nourish farmers' fields with nitrogen captured from the air. For others, he was once a conflict legal who for my part supervised the unleashing of chlorine clouds opposed to British, French and Canadian troops in global conflict I.

Tragedy marked his lifestyles. every week after the 1st gasoline assault in 1915, Haber's spouse took his pistol and shot herself. And in 1933, whilst Hitler got here to strength, 'the Jew Haber' was once one of the first scientists pushed out of Germany. inside of a yr, Haber was once useless - denied honour either in his place of origin and overseas.

No lifestyles unearths the ethical paradox of technological know-how - its potential to create and break - extra in actual fact than Fritz Haber's. Between Genius and Genocide is a narrative choked with ambition, patriotism, hubris and tragedy, set amidst large technological advances, fingers races, mounting imperialism and war.

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Download Tesla: Inventor of the Electrical Age by W. Bernard Carlson PDF

By W. Bernard Carlson

Nikola Tesla used to be an immense contributor to revolution that reworked lifestyle on the flip of the 20th century. His innovations, patents, and theoretical paintings shaped the root of recent AC electrical energy, and contributed to the advance of radio and tv. Like his competitor Thomas Edison, Tesla used to be one among America's first famous person scientists, having fun with the corporate of recent York excessive society and fantastic the likes of Mark Twain together with his electric demonstrations. An astute self-promoter and proficient showman, he cultivated a public picture of the eccentric genius. Even on the finish of his existence whilst he used to be residing in poverty, Tesla nonetheless attracted journalists to his annual birthday interview, regaling them with claims that he had invented a particle-beam weapon able to bringing down enemy aircraft.

lots of biographies glamorize Tesla and his eccentricities, yet previously none has conscientiously tested what, how, and why he invented. during this groundbreaking publication, W. Bernard Carlson demystifies the mythical inventor, putting him in the cultural and technological context of his time, and targeting his innovations themselves in addition to the construction and upkeep of his superstar. Drawing on unique files from Tesla's deepest and public lifestyles, Carlson indicates how he used to be an "idealist" inventor who sought the suitable experimental attention of a good proposal or precept, and who skillfully bought his innovations to the general public via mythmaking and illusion.

This significant biography sheds new mild on Tesla's visionary method of invention and the enterprise suggestions at the back of his most vital technological breakthroughs.

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Download Mr. Liquid Crystal: The untold story of how James L. by Terri Fergason Neal,Marian Pierce PDF

By Terri Fergason Neal,Marian Pierce

James Lee Fergason replaced your lifestyles, even though you did now not understand it. He invented the twisted nematic lcd (TN-LCD), ubiquitously used at the present time within the monitors of clever telephones, calculators, iPods, flat-screen TVs, electronic watches, machine and capsule pcs, scientific apparatus, and plenty of different units. Jim was once one of many America’s such a lot prolific inventors, preserving greater than a hundred and fifty U.S. patents and over 500 overseas patents. The examiners on the U.S. Patent and Trademark workplace reverentially known as him “Mr. Liquid Crystal.”

This booklet recounts the superb tale of Jim’s discovery of liquid crystals and invention of LCDs, a systematic trip that all started within the past due Nineteen Fifties and lasted many years till his demise in 2008. From the day Jim spotted how liquid crystals shaped a brightly coloured iridescent liquid, he used to be instantly taken via their probabilities and dedicated his complete occupation to making useful purposes for this new approach to optical show.

Mr. Liquid Crystal explains intimately the technology of liquid crystals, the fake begins and “Aha” moments that Jim and his crew went via to construct usable and marketable LCDs, and the felony demanding situations Jim came across himself dealing with. Over the process his 50+ 12 months occupation, Jim’s patents and innovations have been challenged two times by means of businesses claiming they invented and owned his paintings. In either situations, Jim gained. For his life of paintings, Jim Fergason was once inducted into the nationwide Inventors corridor of status in 1998.

Mr. Liquid Crystal is a publication that might fascinate scientists, inventors and everybody with a dream.

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Download Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology by Oren Harman,Michael Dietrich,William Dritschilo,Bruce PDF

By Oren Harman,Michael Dietrich,William Dritschilo,Bruce Weber,Vinciane Despret,David Sepkoski,Mark Borrello,Nathaniel Comfort,James F. Crow,Philip V. Tobias,Prof. Daniel Kevles,Raphael Falk,Tim Horder,David Hull,R. C. Lewontin,John Prebble,Michael Ruse,Dani

This publication is the 1st dedicated to sleek biology’s innovators and iconoclasts: women and men who challenged winning notions of their fields. a few of these scientists have been Nobel Prize winners, a few have been thought of cranks or gadflies, a few have been actually incorrect. The tales of those obdurate dissenters are separately attention-grabbing. Taken jointly, they supply unprecedented insights into the position of dissent and controversy in technology and particularly the expansion of organic inspiration over the last century.

 

Each of the book’s nineteen particularly commissioned chapters bargains a close portrait of the highbrow uprising of a selected scientist operating in an incredible zone of biology--genetics, evolution, embryology, ecology, biochemistry, neurobiology, and virology in addition to others. An advent through the volume’s editors and an epilogue by way of R. C. Lewontin draw connections one of the case reviews and remove darkness from the nonconforming scientist’s an important functionality of worrying the relaxation of these within the majority. by means of concentrating on the dynamics and effect of dissent instead of on “winners” who're credited with medical advances, the e-book offers a refreshingly unique viewpoint at the background of the existence sciences.

 

Scientists featured during this volume:

Alfred Russel Wallace 

Hans Driesch

Wilhelm Johannsen

Raymond Arthur Dart

C. D. Darlington

Richard Goldschmidt

Barbara McClintock

Oswald T. Avery

Roger Sperry

Leon Croizat

Vero Copner Wynne-Edwards

Peter Mitchell

Howard Temin

Motoo Kimura

William D. Hamilton

Carl Woese

Stephen Jay Gould

Thelma Rowell

Daniel S. Simberloff

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